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An independent clause "is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is a sentence."
(Source: The OWL at Purdue: Independent and Dependent Clauses)

For example, "I like to eat ice cream" is an independent clause. The clause could exist on its own as a sentence and contains a subject and a verb.

For more information on independent clauses, including how to punctuate them, please view the "Punctuating sentences: Commas, semicolons, and colons" tutorial.