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At Royal Roads University:

Plagiarism is the act of presenting the ideas or works of another as one's own. This applies to all materials, electronic or in print, including laboratory reports, seminar presentations, computer programs, research projects and results, postings online, in discussion groups, and statistical data. The use of such material either directly or indirectly without proper acknowledgment (i.e., footnotes or endnotes) is contrary to the norms of academic behaviour. (Royal Roads University, 2017a, para. 6)


Intentional improper citation may constitute plagiarism, such as not using quotation marks when required to indicate other’s work, not acknowledging significant concepts from other’s work even when you paraphrased it, and not actually looking at a source that you quote. (Royal Roads University, 2017a, para. 13)

Plagiarism is taken seriously at RRU, and the consequences can range from failing an assignment to being asked to leave the program (Royal Roads University, 2017b). Remember that at RRU, a team both succeeds and fails as a team. Accordingly, if a member of a team plagiarizes, the consequences of that action may apply to all members of his/her team.

To learn more about Royal Roads' academic integrity policy and procedures for students, please see the links below:

RRU Academic Integrity and Misconduct Policy for Students

RRU Academic Integrity and Misconduct Procedures for Students

Other resources

APA Style

Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing

Common Knowledge

To search for additional information, please visit WriteAnswers and search the FAQs. If you're a RRU student, you can also use the WriteAnswers contact form to send your questions directly to the Writing Centre. We'll send you a private reply as soon as we can, which is typically within one business day of receiving the message.


Royal Roads University. (2017a). Academic integrity and misconduct - students.

Royal Roads University. (2017b). Academic integrity and misconduct procedures for students.