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A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund...is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. However, since a gerund functions as a noun, it occupies some positions in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for example: subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition.

Gerund as subject:

  • Traveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences.
  • The study abroad program might satisfy your desire for new experiences.

Gerund as direct object:

  • They do not appreciate my singing.
  • They do not appreciate my assistance.

Gerund as subject complement:

  • My cat's favorite activity is sleeping.
  • My cat's favorite food is salmon.

Gerund as object of preposition:

  • The police arrested him for speeding.
  • The police arrested him for criminal activity.

(Source: The OWL at Purdue: Gerunds)

For more information, please refer to The OWL at Purdue: Gerunds.

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