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At Royal Roads University:

Plagiarism is the act of presenting the ideas or works of another as one's own. This applies to all materials, electronic or in print, including laboratory reports, seminar presentations, computer programs, research projects and results, postings online, in discussion groups, and statistical data. The use of such material either directly or indirectly without proper acknowledgment (i.e., footnotes or endnotes) is contrary to the norms of academic behaviour. (Source: RRU Academic Integrity and Misconduct policy).


Intentional improper citation may constitute plagiarism, such as not using quotation marks when required to indicate other’s work, not acknowledging significant concepts from other’s work even when you paraphrased it, and not actually looking at a source that you quote. (Source: RRU Academic Integrity and Misconduct policy)

Plagiarism is taken seriously at RRU, and the consequences can range from failing an assignment to being asked to leave the program. Remember that at RRU, a team both succeeds and fails as a team. Accordingly, if a member of a team plagiarizes, the consequences of that action may apply to all members of his/her team.

To learn more about plagiarism and how to avoid it, please see the links below:

What is Plagiarism? (7:19 video)

This video explains what plagiarism is, why you should avoid it, and what you need to cite in your academic work. While the video is playing, click "Menu" to navigate through the presentation or see the transcript. Also, click on What is Plagiarism? if you would like the slides from the video; the transcript is available via the slide notes.

RRU Academic Integrity and Misconduct Policy

RRU Academic Integrity and Misconduct Procedures

Other resources

APA Style

Quoting, summarizing, and paraphrasing

What is plagiarism? (Indiana University's Bloomington, School of Education)

How to recognize plagiarism (Indiana University Bloomington, School of Education)

Not-so-common knowledge (Princeton University)

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