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APA Style in-text citations and references

Please see the items listed below for where you can find more information on each topic:

Quoting and paraphrasing

In-text citations


Referencing Canadian statutes, cases, and legislation

Please note that there is a separate system from APA for referencing Canadian legal materials. Please see Canadian statutes, cases, and legislation for more information.

Referencing Statistics Canada products

If you're working with any products from Statistics Canada, there are separate citation rules. Please follow the steps provided in this resource.


If you can't find what you're looking for, please click on the "Ask us" tab on the right side of the screen and type a keyword to search for information. If you would like to practice your understanding of the rules, please see the APA Style practice exercises.

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