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Citing tweets in APA Style

If you’re quoting or paraphrasing tweets in your research, you’ll need to cite them just as you would any other resource. To cite a protected tweet (that is, only confirmed followers can see the tweet), please use the format for citing personal communication since the tweet isn’t available to the general public (e.g., A. Lastname (personal communication, Month day, year) stated “X”). In a posting titled "How to cite social media in APA Style (Twitter, Facebook, and Google+)" in the APA Style Blog, Lee (2013) suggested the following formatting to cite a public tweet:

Tweet, individual author

Lastname, A. [Twitter username]. (Date of tweet). Tweet text, including all hashtags and URLs [Tweet]. Retrieved from URL

For example:

 

Veletsianos, G. [veletsianos]. (2015, January 5). That moment when you wish your article was out of peer-review already [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/veletsianos/status/552195307555934208

  • In-text citation: (Veletsianos, 2015)

Tweet, group author

Name of author [Twitter username]. (Date of tweet). Tweet text, including all hashtags and URLs [Tweet]. Retrieved from URL

For example:

 

RRU Library [RRULibrary]. (2015, February 15). Questions about academic writing or #APA style? Find the right answer in WriteAnswers http://ow.ly/J4fYL [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/RRULibrary/status/568462871081959425

  • In-text citation: (RRU Library, 2015)

For more information, please see How to Cite Social Media in APA Style (Twitter, Facebook, and Google+) and How to Cite a Hashtag in #APAStyle from the APA Style Blog, and if you have any questions, please contact the Writing Centre.

Theresa Bell
Writing centre coordinator

(Originally published in Crossroads February 26, 2015)

Reference

Lee, C. (2013, October 18). How to cite social media in APA Style (Twitter, Facebook, and Google+) [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/10/how-to-cite-social-media-in-ap...

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